Thinking about water All three sculptures are turned and carved from maple and colored using transparent aniline dyes and guilders pastes. The first is mounted on a walnut burl, the second and third feature pyrography and india ink embellishments.Water has become an obsession. I strive to understand the dynamics of sustainability in an area with an 11″ average rainfall per year. ” Intelligence” was the first completed sculpture and was created in January 2019 in response to a call to artists by the Tubac Presidio which, in turn, was sponsoring the Smithsonian Water Ways traveling exhibit. It introduces the up-thrusting hand reaching for the last raindrop. The caption on the base is a quote from Piaget: “Intelligence is not what we know, but what we do when we don’t know”. “Consesquences” is the second work . It was made in response to a call to artists from the Lowe House, in Tubac. As an artist-in-residence destination, the Lowe House featured themed exhibits related to history of Tubac. In this case the theme was “shared River/Rio Compartido” This desert area of Southern Arizona has been home to mankind since the beginning of the Holocene, the time of man, approximately 12,000 years. In “Consequences”, a basket weave illusion of the Tohono O’odham labyrinth, commonly referred to as the “Man in the Maze”, is used to represent the time line of peoples who have left indications of their presence upon the land. A representation of the Tubac section of the Santa Cruz river is superimposed on the labyrinth. A second watercourse depicts the irrigation channel dug by Juan Bautista De Anza in the late 1760’s. The water was used to support the settlement and irrigate local crops and enclosed the Tubac settlement. The uplifting hand grasping the last raindrop represents contemporary man’s now voracious quest for water while the hand thrusting below into the ground is grasping minerals laid bare by open pit mines that now characterize this area. “Faith” is the third in the series. It was created in response to a call to artists for the Members’ juried show at the Tubac Center for the Arts. In this piece, the petro-dollar is floating on a magic carpet. Humanity is striving to keep the artifact afloat and in turn maintain our creative and consumptive life styles where water is used in mineral and fossil fuel extraction that in turn enables our power grid, planes, trains, cars, plastics, garbage, pollution and subsidence. While we strive on, alternative currencies are emerging. The blue hand is tattooed with a flag that conceals “in what we trust”.